MARS TRANS HAB
A year long project in collaboration with NASA to create a transit habitat for NASA's mission to Mars, set for 2036. The project is the result of a grant from NASA. I was one of 19 people working on this project in its first stage. In its second stage, full scale prototypes of our sleeping pod and workstation areas were created to send to NASA for testing. The full scale prototypes were displayed on the deck of the Intrepid Museum in July, 2016.
Living conditions in the International Space Station provided a wealth of information and research material for our design choices and process. We began the design process with extensive research on the ISS.
We spent time researching what type of hypothetical crew would be best for the mission; we went between an even 6 members, to finally deciding on 5 members of different genders, races, and with different unique skill sets.
The upper inflatable portion of the habitat houses the 5 sleeping pods; this area was designed as an escape from the strenuous work in the rest of the habitat. Considerations were taken to mood lighting, meditation capabilities, sleeping apparatuses, etc.
Sleeping quarters on the ISS; crew members strap down for a night of sleep in their designated areas. Each sleeping quarter is connected to the ECLSS system of the ship (environmental control life support system), which pumps oxygen throughout and regulates temperature. The private sleeping quarters are very important to crew members to keep sane and unwind.
Sleeping harness-- supports for arms, neck, chest, calves, and head.
The lower inflatable part of our design is where all the action happens- in our proposed “toolkit” system, we have the crew health care system, data management systems, kitchen, and communal area. In the lower portion we also proposed a wall storage system, with modules that allow for exercise on the walls of the habitat. The toolkit’s precedent is the ISS International Standard Payload Rack, a modular system that houses the main systems of the ISS.
An astronaut navigating through the work day; the precedent situation for what our toolkit system is based on.
Early sketch model looking at toolkit movement in relation to inflatable shell and upper/lower collars
Storage is a big point of consideration for a space transit vehicle-- every extra pound brought is less room for the crew members, and a greater cost of fuel. Food, clothing, and experiment supplies are necessities that must be brought. Our storage wall packs these essentials into our proposed CTB bags. The bags provide extra Galactic Cosmic Radiation protection, and as the supplies are used, the bags will be used for refuse storage. (which provides even more radiation protection!)
Our proposed exercise system, housed on the walls of the habitat, will allow crew members to do a simulated rock climbing workout. VR capabilities let crew members get outside of the confines of the ship for a little bit, and simulate whatever landscape they'd like. Additions like these make sure that crew members have as many positive psychological influences as possible during their trip.